A key step in reducing methane emissions is to identify and detect sources of the emissions.
Continual improvement of methane management efforts will eventually result in ‘methane excellence’, i.e., low methane emissions from oil and gas operations.
Operational repairs are vital for reducing methane emissions, by both repairing leaking equipment and minimizing emissions that arise during routine maintenance and repairs.
Pneumatic devices are powered by gas pressure. They are mainly used where electrical power is not available.
Venting simply means releasing gas arising from a process or activity straight into the atmosphere.
Unintentional leaks from pressurized equipment used in oil and gas operations can lead to gas being released to the atmosphere.
Natural gas, which consists mainly of methane, is used as a fuel throughout oil and gas operations, for compression, generating electricity, heating, dehydration and removing acid gas.
Flares burn flammable gases that would otherwise be released into the atmosphere. Flaring in upstream oil and gas operations may be needed for safety reasons, because of a lack of capacity to use produced gases, or as a part of routine emission controls.
Engineering design can be used to reduce methane emissions prior to the start of operations for new facilities or modifications to existing facilities.